Scientific or critical thinking is an intentional cognitive process of knowledge application which consists of using evidence to revise an existing theory, and constitutes a very important part of inquiry-based learning. This type of reasoning, associated with executive functions and prefrontal and temporal areas, is considered an essential skill for the 21st century citizen. Evidence suggests that it can be improved through specific training, and that, under certain circumstances, it is possible to transfer its learning to different domains in everyday life. We designed an instrument to test scientific thinking skills and we used it to evaluate 290 argentinian adolescents’ responses before and after attending a scientific camp organized by the NGO Expedición Ciencia.
Keywords: scientific thinking, critical reasoning, transfer, training, adolescence